Hashing and Cryptography

The Sway standard library provides easy access to a selection of cryptographic hash functions (sha256 and Ethereum-compatible keccak256), and Ethereum-compatible secp256k1-based signature recovery operations.

Hashing

script;

use core::num::*;
use std::{hash::{keccak256, sha256}, logging::log};

const VALUE_A = 0x9280359a3b96819889d30614068715d634ad0cf9bba70c0f430a8c201138f79f;

enum Location {
    Earth: (),
    Mars: (),
}

struct Person {
    name: str[4],
    age: u64,
    alive: bool,
    location: Location,
    stats: Stats,
    some_tuple: (bool,
    u64), some_array: [u64;
    2],
    some_b256: b256,
}

struct Stats {
    strength: u64,
    agility: u64,
}

fn main() {
    let zero = ~b256::min();
    // Use the generic sha256 to hash some integers
    let sha_hashed_u8 = sha256(~u8::max());
    let sha_hashed_u16 = sha256(~u16::max());
    let sha_hashed_u32 = sha256(~u32::max());
    let sha_hashed_u64 = sha256(~u64::max());

    // Or hash a b256
    let sha_hashed_b256 = sha256(VALUE_A);

    // You can hash booleans too
    let sha_hashed_bool = sha256(true);

    // Strings are not a problem either
    let sha_hashed_str = sha256("Fastest Modular Execution Layer!");

    // Tuples of any size work too
    let sha_hashed_tuple = sha256((true, 7));

    // As do arrays
    let sha_hashed_array = sha256([4, 5, 6]);

    // Enums work too
    let sha_hashed_enum = sha256(Location::Earth);

    // Complex structs are not a problem
    let sha_hashed_struct = sha256(Person {
        name: "John", age: 9000, alive: true, location: Location::Mars, stats: Stats {
            strength: 10, agility: 9
        },
        some_tuple: (true, 8), some_array: [17, 76], some_b256: zero
    });

    log(sha_hashed_u8);
    log(sha_hashed_u16);
    log(sha_hashed_u32);
    log(sha_hashed_u64);
    log(sha_hashed_b256);
    log(sha_hashed_bool);
    log(sha_hashed_str);
    log(sha_hashed_tuple);
    log(sha_hashed_array);
    log(sha_hashed_enum);
    log(sha_hashed_struct);

    // Use the generic keccak256 to hash some integers
    let keccak_hashed_u8 = keccak256(~u8::max());
    let keccak_hashed_u16 = keccak256(~u16::max());
    let keccak_hashed_u32 = keccak256(~u32::max());
    let keccak_hashed_u64 = keccak256(~u64::max());

    // Or hash a b256
    let keccak_hashed_b256 = keccak256(VALUE_A);

    // You can hash booleans too
    let keccak_hashed_bool = keccak256(true);

    // Strings are not a problem either
    let keccak_hashed_str = keccak256("Fastest Modular Execution Layer!");

    // Tuples of any size work too
    let keccak_hashed_tuple = keccak256((true, 7));

    // As do arrays
    let keccak_hashed_array = keccak256([4, 5, 6]);

    // Enums work too
    let keccak_hashed_enum = keccak256(Location::Earth);

    // Complex structs are not a problem
    let keccak_hashed_struct = keccak256(Person {
        name: "John", age: 9000, alive: true, location: Location::Mars, stats: Stats {
            strength: 10, agility: 9
        },
        some_tuple: (true, 8), some_array: [17, 76], some_b256: zero
    });

    log(keccak_hashed_u8);
    log(keccak_hashed_u16);
    log(keccak_hashed_u32);
    log(keccak_hashed_u64);
    log(keccak_hashed_b256);
    log(keccak_hashed_bool);
    log(keccak_hashed_str);
    log(keccak_hashed_tuple);
    log(keccak_hashed_array);
    log(keccak_hashed_enum);
    log(keccak_hashed_struct);
}

Signature Recovery

script;

use std::result::Result;
use std::b512::B512;
use std::revert::revert;
use std::logging::log;
use std::ecr::{EcRecoverError, ec_recover, ec_recover_address};

const MSG_HASH = 0xee45573606c96c98ba970ff7cf9511f1b8b25e6bcd52ced30b89df1e4a9c4323;

fn main() {
    let hi = 0xbd0c9b8792876713afa8bff383eebf31c43437823ed761cc3600d0016de5110c;
    let lo = 0x44ac566bd156b4fc71a4a4cb2655d3dd360c695edb17dc3b64d611e122fea23d;
    let signature: B512 = ~B512::from(hi, lo);

    // A recovered public key pair.
    let public_key = ec_recover(signature, MSG_HASH);

    // A recovered Fuel address.
    let result_address: Result<Address, EcRecoverError> = ec_recover_address(signature, MSG_HASH);
    if let Result::Ok(address) = result_address {
        log(address.value);
    } else {
        revert(0);
    }
}

Note Recovery of EVM addresses is also supported via std::vm::evm.